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Angular vs React: Which Framework is better for Web Development?


In this guide, we will compare Angular (Angular 2) and React to help you decide which platform is better suited for your project. So which one is better? Angular vs React? Which one should you pick for your next project?


Let’s begin with taking a

quick overview of both the platforms and then we will compare some major

aspects which can impact your project. Let’s get started without further ado.


Angular


Angular is a JavaScript framework which is used for front-end development. Angular is the successor of AngularJS and is directly compatible with Google. The first version of Angular, AngularJS has a redundant complexity which is resolved in Angular. Angular also has some new features like server-side rendering and native app support.


Some benefits of Angular are written below:


  • It is developed by Google, so it is very

    reliable.

  • It is easy to adapt for new developers.

  • The syntax and semantics are very easy to write

    code in.

  • Highly customizable and interactive apps can be

    developed with Angular.

  • Angular provides advanced testing mechanisms and

    Model-View-Controller balance.

However, with all the

strength, Angular also has its weak points. Websites that are developed with

Angular are not SEO friendly which means a lower number of potential visits.

Large websites have a low latency compared to small websites which are made

with Angular.


Some examples of websites

that are powered with Angular are YouTube (for PS3), Freelancer, GoodFirms, and

Upwork.


React


React, also referred to as

ReactJS is a library based on JavaScript with a JSX compiler. ReactJS is

focused on reusing components in a user interface. React is strictly not an MVC

framework but an open source library used for rendering interfaces. React can

be used to create highly responsive and interactive user interfaces. React also

helps make the loading of websites smooth.


Some benefits of React are written below:


  • React offers full compatibility with Facebook.

  • Websites made with React are SEO friendly unlike

    Angular and also perform well.

  • React has a flexible set of libraries to offer.

Just like Angular, React

also has its weak points. The view-oriented approach can be quite troublesome

with React as it requires significantly more lines of code and manual handling

of changes in data.


Some examples of web

services powered by React are Netflix, Airbnb, Feedly, and Walmart.


Angular vs React: What you need to consider?


There are many other

things you will need to consider before finalizing your choice between Angular

and React. We have laid down some of the most important aspects below. They

should bring you one more step closer to your decision. Here’s a step by step

comparison for Angular vs React.


License


There are different kinds

of License Frameworks and Libraries as categorized under. The most flexible

License, which allows you to alter the service according to your needs, is an

Open-Source License. Most of the other licenses will not allow you to modify

the framework or build your own commercial app.


Thankfully, both Angular

and ReactJS have an open source license and have no restrictions on how you use

them. Angular is licensed under the MIT license while React has a 3 clause BSD

license. This means that there is a restriction on using the right holders’

name for commercial or advertising purposes.


MVC pattern


For those who don’t know what

MVC is, the MVC Model stands for MODEL-VIEW-CONTROLLER. It helps to reduce the

code into different segments and components. This ensures a better

understanding of code for the developer and results in a better quality for the

overall product. Other similar models are MVP (Model-View-Presenter) and MVVM

(Model-View-View-Presenter).


Angular uses the MVC

architecture while React only has the V (View Oriented Architecture) from the

MVC model.


Templates


When you are working on a

JavaScript website, you won’t want to miss out on the benefit of using

templates for creating a user interface. Angular implements templates using

TypeScript files while React implements templates using JSX files.


Data Binding


Data binding is a very important aspect of web development as it binds the data between the front end and back end. Or to make it clear, Data Binding establishes the connection between the User Interface and Business Logic of an application. Here it is in the concept of Angular vs React.


Angular uses two-way data

binding which means that the framework can connect DOM to Model data by using

the Controller. This can affect the performance as all the changes in DOM are

required to be tracked by a watcher.


React uses a one-way data

binding technique so the data flow happens just one way. One-way data binding

makes it much more convenient to debug and find problems in a project in case

of an unexpected event, especially in largely sized apps or websites.


Rendering


Rendering or Processing

can be done in two ways, client-side rendering or server-side rendering. In

client-side rendering, the data and code are sent to the client’s machine and

rendered by using client machine resources. This approach is not secure and also

affects the performance in a negative way.


Server-side rendering is

the better approach; all the data processing is done on the server machine and

only the output result is sent to the client machine which also makes it more

secure to hacks and also improves performance as the server machine is capable

of processing data multiple times faster than the client’s machine.


Performance


There are many points that affect the performance positively and negatively in both Angular and React. For example, large apps take a performance hit in Angular due to two-way data binding which is not an issue in React. React developers have also developed a way to use virtual DOM that allows the creation of a light DOM tree that is saved on the server, which reduces the load on the browser significantly.


The performance will highly depend on the type of app you are developing. For large apps and websites, we will recommend you to use React. However, for small sized apps and services, you can use Angular and take advantage of things like MVC. It all comes down to what your requirements are. Both of the technologies have their benefits for different development strategies. There are admirers and haters for both of them. We suggest you take a deep observation of the project and thoroughly decide which platform you want to use. We hope we were able to help you decide between Angular vs React.



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